|Exploratory Data Analysis||Confirmatory Analysis =Statistical Inference|
Unrestricted exploration of the data, searching for interesting
answer specific questions, posed before the data were produced.
Only to the individuals and circumstances for which we have data in
||Conclusions apply to a
larger group of individuals (population) or a broader class of
Informal: Based on what we see in the data.
Backed by a statement of our confidence in them (confidence level,
Analysis to generate hypotheses and formal questions.
Design instrument(s) to measure, design experiment(s) to test hypotheses
Use methods of data collection which guard against bias.
Analyze using Confirmatory Analysis---
| ("Publish"; let others
(or self) critique, analyze, replicate, and
extend, possibly using Exploratory Analysis.)